Attempting to make this distinction based on symptoms however has not been found to be accurate and The American Thoracic Society does not recommend its use. Bacteria cause most cases of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. Bacterial Pneumonia. Bacteria-filled droplets get into the air, where you can breathe them into your nose or mouth. Vaccines Start studying Types of pneumonia. Drink extra fluids to help loosen mucus in your chest. You're not likely to get fungal pneumonia if you're healthy. Types Of Pneumonia. ; The most common bacterial type that causes pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae. 47 years experience Infectious Disease. Sometimes you may need a change in the dose or type of antibiotic, or you may need more than one medicine. Types. Not many people know that there are several types of pneumonia. Much like viral pneumonia, it has symptoms that include high fever, green or yellow mucus, and the chills. Bacterial pneumonia is caused by different types of bacteria, with the most common being Streptococcus pneumoniae.  is a less severe form of bacterial pneumonia. This eMedTV segment compares the different forms of pneumonia based on the germs that cause them and where the infection occurred. Signs of this potentially fatal complication. If you get pneumonia, it means you have an infection in your lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, and other germs. You're likely to start to feel better in 3 to 5 days, but the cough can last a few weeks. But you have a higher chance of catching it if your immune system is weakened from: You get fungal pneumonia by breathing in tiny particles called fungal spores. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This bacteria works its way into the lungs of people of all ages. Pneumonia is when one or both of the lungs become infected, causing inflammation in the air sacs of the lungs, known as the alveoli. However, preci… When these alveoli are infected, they can fill with pus or fluid, which makes it difficult to breathe. Antibiotics won't treat viral pneumonia, because they work only on bacteria. Many different kinds of bacteria can cause pneumonia. The most common are: 1. Symptoms of pneumonia may differ slightly based on what parts of the lungs are involved. Pneumonia is a potential complication of COVID-19. The symptoms of viral pneumonia are similar to the flu, including: These symptoms can range from mild to severe. If your symptoms are severe, you may need to go to the hospital and get treated with: Walking pneumonia ", CDC: "Fungal pneumonia: a silent epidemic," "Mycoplasma Pneumonia: Causes and How It Spreads," "Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia. Doctors also break down the kinds of pneumonia by the causes of the disease: bacteria, viruses, or fungi. The symptoms of bacterial pneumonia can develop gradually or suddenly. They may also recommend an antiviral drug or a medication to help you breathe easier. Sometimes, doctors call it "atypical" pneumonia. Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, The Lungs (Human Anatomy): Picture, Function, Definition, Conditions, You have a tracheostomy (trach) tube to help you breathe, Antibiotics and fluids that your doctor puts in your veins though an IV, Farmers who work around bird, bat, or rodent droppings, Landscapers and gardeners who work with the soil, Members of the military or construction workers who are around a lot of dust. Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) This type of bacterial pneumonia is acquired during a hospital stay. Pneumonia is none other than a disease and there are several types of pneumonia. Fungal type of pneumonia is generally treated with antifungal medications. It is more likely to occur when the immune system is weakened by … Types of Bacterial Pneumonia. Good hygiene (washing your hands often), quitting smoking, and keeping your immune system strong by getting regular physical activity and eating healthy are other ways to lower your risk of getting pneumonia. Vaccines can help prevent some types of pneumonia. ", Cleveland Clinic: "Pneumonia: Atypical (Walking) Pneumonia," "Pneumonia: Overview. With cold and flu season ramping up, the risk of pneumonia increases dramatically. The most common is Streptococcus pneumoniae. People in certain jobs are more likely to come into contact with them, such as: Symptoms of fungal pneumonia are similar to other types, including: American Lung Association: "Diagnosing and Treating Pneumonia," "What Causes Pneumonia?" Interstitial pneumonia - affecting the connective tissue Pneumonia: Rare Types. What causes pneumonia. Blood tests are used to confirm an infection and to try to identify the type of organism causing the infection. The known types of pneumonia can be listed as Bacterial pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumonia, Aspiration pneumonia, atypical pneumonia, Hospital-acquired pneumonia, Community-acquired pneumonia, Pneumocystis carnie pneumonia, and viral pneumonia. Many forms of classifications are used to categorize pneumonia. It is due to material, usually purulent, filling the alveoli. ", Mayo Clinic: "Pneumonia: Diagnosis & Treatment," "Pneumonia: Symptoms & Causes," "Walking pneumonia: What does it mean? You may feel well enough that you're able to go about your regular activities, which is where the "walking" in the name comes from. To ease pain and bring down a fever, your doctor may suggest that you try acetaminophen or a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) like ibuprofen. Your doctor might do tests to find the type of bacteria that are causing your infection so you can get the right one. If you have a weakened immune system, your chances of getting pneumonia are higher. How Can I Use a Face Mask to Protect Myself and Others? Causes behind painful breathing, fluid buildup. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Pneumonia is caused by a number of infectious agents, including viruses, bacteria and fungi. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. Viral pneumonia cannot be treated with antibiotics. This article discusses these types along with their symptoms in brief. NorthShore doctors share prevention tips: It is recommended to see a doctor when a fever is 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or higher, experiencing distressed breathing or are having chest pains. ; Pneumonia may be caused by viral infections, bacterial infections, or fungi; less frequently by other causes. Fever may rise as high as a dangerous 105 degrees F, with profuse sweating and rapidly increased breathing and pulse rate. Learning which type you have will … See below: Pneumonia … When this happens, the condition is called lobar pneumonia. If your symptoms haven’t improved within the first 5 days of taking antibiotics or your symptoms get worse, contact the doctor. Pneumonia is a general term in widespread use, defined as infection within the lung. Symptoms can be so mild that you don't know you have it. "They Thought They Would Die": The Vaping Epidemic. So it's important to know about the risk factors for getting it, its different types, and how to distinguish it … If you have community-acquired pneumonia, antibiotics that you take by mouth are usually enough to treat the infection. There are a number of types of pneumonia, and the treatment varies according to which one a person has contracted. "What is Walking Pneumonia? Community-acquired pneumonia can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Vaccines can help protect against the flu virus and certain bacteria that can also cause pneumonia. ", Craig Hospital: "Hospital Acquired Pneumonia (HAP) Prevention. Antiviral medications are used in influenza. If you get pneumonia, it means you have an infection in your lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, and other germs. There are many types of pneumonia, such as viral, bacterial, community-acquired, and hospital-acquired. Pneumonia can be very serious and even life-threatening. You may hear health professionals use these terms: Hospital-acquired pneumonia. You catch this type during a stay in a hospital. The following article will cover information related to the bacterial pneumonia types and help you understand more about this serious respiratory disorder. The main types of pneumonia are: Bacterial pneumonia. Treatment usually depends on the kind of symptoms you have. It is most serious for infants and young children, people older than age 65, … NorthShore University HealthSystem. Viruses are the second most common cause of pneumonia. Types of pneumonia based on areas of infection: Lobar pneumonia - localized infection of one or a few lobes Bronchopneumonia - affecting the lungs and airways. ", Northwestern Medicine: "What is Aspiration Pneumonia? Bacterial pneumonia, which is the most common form, tends to be more serious than other types of pneumonia, with symptoms that require medical care. Symptoms typically include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever and difficulty breathing. Pneumonia has historically been characterized as either typical or atypical depending on the presenting symptoms and thus the presumed underlying organism. View the latest information on Coronavirus (COVID-19). The severity of the condition is variable. Here's your guide pneumonia, from identifying the symptoms to getting the right treatment. A 39-year-old member asked: which type of disease is pneumonia? Pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae germ that normally lives in the upper respiratory tract. Community-acquired pneumonia also includes aspiration pneumonia, which happens when you breathe food, fluid, or vomit into your lungs. The types of pneumonia include: Bacterial pneumonia: One of the most severe and potentially life-threatening forms of pneumonia is pneumococcal pneumonia, which is caused by the bacterium, Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae). Antibiotics treat bacterial pneumonia. Many kinds cause the disease, including some of the same viruses that bring on colds and flu and the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. This type of pneumonia is found in the lungs and is caused by bacteria, the most common being Streptococcus. Pneumonia is a lung condition that is caused due to germ or bacterial infection in the lungs. Advanced age is also a factor. Walking pneumonia can feel like a bad cold, with symptoms like: Antibiotics treat the infection. This type of pneumonia is caused by bacteria. You can catch pneumonia when someone who is infected coughs or sneezes. Fungi are a less common cause of pneumonia. It can be serious because the bacteria causing the pneumonia can be resistant to antibiotics. This would more likely happen with hospital-acquired pneumonia. As many as one million Americans are hospitalized each year for pneumonia. All Rights Reserved. Let us first look at the microorganism-based disease: Pneumonia is usually the result of a bacterial infection. Those at greatest risk for bacterial pneum… Types of Pneumonia. Viral types of pneumonia are generally treated with rest and having plenty of fluids. Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung primarily affecting the small air sacs known as alveoli. It can also help prevent ear infections and pneumonia caused by those 13 types … Streptococcus pneumoniae– the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in children; 2. Pneumonia is a lung disease characterized by inflammation of the airspaces in the lungs, most commonly due to an infection. The Internal Medicine Experts at NorthShore discuss which types of pneumonia you should know and prevention. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Haemophilus influenzaetype b (Hib) – the second most common cause of bacterial pneumonia; 3. respiratory syncytial virus is the most common viral cause of pneumonia; 4. in infants infected with HIV, Pneumocystis jiroveci is one of the most common causes of pneumonia, responsible … Our lungs have large air pipes, smaller air pipes, and even smaller air pipes that end in air sacs. ", National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "Pneumonia. If you can't cough up the material you took in, bacteria can multiply in your lungs. Bacterial pneumonia can occur on its own or develop after you've had a viral cold or the flu. Dr. Michael Ein answered. As well as bacterial pneumonia, other types include: viral pneumonia – caused by a virus, such as coronavirus; aspiration pneumonia – caused by breathing in vomit, a foreign object, such as a peanut, or a harmful substance, such as smoke or a chemical Bacterial pneumonia often occurs in people over the age of 65 as well as in people with asthma or heart disease. The most common is Streptococcus pneumoniae. It's more likely if you have problems swallowing or coughing. True or False: Feed a Cold, Starve a Fever? In very severe cases, COVID-19 pneumonia can lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a progressive type of respiratory failure. You're also more likely to get it if you have a condition like asthma, emphysema, or heart disease. All rights reserved. Community-acquired pneumonia. This is a fancy way of saying you got infected somewhere other than a hospital or long-term care facility. There are different types of bacterial pneumonia that affect children and adults. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? NorthShore University HealthSystem is a 501(c)3 Nonprofit Organization (EIN: 36-2167060)Website Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. rare types of pneumonia. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts. ", UpToDate: "Patient education: Pneumonia in adults (Beyond the Basics)," “Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).”. The most common type of bacterial pneumonia is called pneumococcal pneumonia. Pneumonia can also be classified according to where or how it was acquired. For example, if you have asthma or emphysema, you may need treatment to help with breathing. A variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia.Pneumonia can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening. Blood tests. The vaccine helps protect against the 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria that most commonly cause serious infections in children and adults. This type is caused by various bacteria. Wash hands well and often, pneumonia is spread quickly through coughing and sneezing, Follow good sleep habits to keep the immune system balanced. NorthShore’s online source for timely health and wellness news, inspiring patient stories and tips to lead a healthy life. It can be based on the causative agent as well as the areas of the lungs it affects, and another category is community-acquired or hospital acquired. Adults who need this vaccine only get 1 shot. Most people who have pneumonia will be able to stay home. Bacterial Pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia often affects just one part, or lobe, of a lung. Causes and Types of Pneumonia Viruses, bacteria, and fungi can all cause pneumonia. In the United States, common causes of viral pneumonia are influenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19). Bacterial pneumonia can happen to anyone, but those at most risk include those with: weakened immune systems, or those who suffer from poor nutrition. Children under the age of two, as well as adults over 65, have the highest risk to catch pneumonia. Pneumonia can sometimes present like a cold or the flu, but it's different in a few ways. Your doctor will start by asking about your medical history and doing a physical exam, including listening to your lungs with a stethoscope to check for abnormal bubbling or crackling sounds that suggest pneumonia.If pneumonia is suspected, your doctor may recommend the following tests: 1. It infects over 900,000 Americans every year. Pneumonia is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria, and less commonly by other microorganisms. ", Medscape: "Bacterial Pneumonia," "Fungal Pneumonia Overview of Fungal Pneumonia," "Viral Pneumonia. Learning which type you have will help your doctor suggest a treatment. Download the NorthShoreConnect app to access your health information on your mobile phone. Types and subtypes of pneumonia Different types of pneumonia and their symptoms based on the parts of the lungs involved. 1,4 This bacterium is responsible for approximately 1.6 million deaths each year, world-wide. Doctors generally prescribe over-the-counter or OTC medications for helping to manage the symptoms of pneumonia. Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. 3 Types of Pneumonia and How to Treat Them, Grow a Greener Lawn: Both in Color and for the Environment. It usually occurs when the body is weakened in some way, such as by illness, poor nutrition, old age, or impaired immunity, and the bacteria are able to work their way into the lungs. Doctors describe the type of pneumonia you have based on where you got the infection.
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