Description Top of page. This tree used to be far more common growing along the Santa Cruz in the days of perennial water flow. Provided these trees have well-draining soil, they can survive in a wide variety of sites. Chilean mesquite tree is semi-dormant, from December to April, shedding most of its foliage in the winter. It is winter deciduous in areas of frost. Mesquite trees are drought tolerant and rarely need to be watered. Go see the doc today. The velvet mesquite is a fast growing medium sized tree with thorns that matures up to 40 feet tall and wide. P. velutina is a tree up to 15 m high with a short trunk, though it is often a low-growing, much-branched shrub where introduced.Spines are axillary, geminate, 1-2 cm long. Older trees can reach a height of 20 to 30 ft. The flowers are followed by light brown, elongated seedpods that … Like many members of the legume family (called Fabaceae these days), mesquite restores nitrogen to the soil. Ornamental features on honey mesquite include pale yellow spring flowers and unusual seed pods. [Re: Rudy-S2k] #2005493 01/10/11 08:54 PM: Joined: Nov 2007. Mesquite fence posts were not affected by decay or insects. All vegetative parts are more or less pubescent. They have narrow, compound leaves 50 to 75 mm (2 to 3 inches) long that are sharply pointed. At the base of each leaf on young branches you will find two inch-long yellow thorns in pairs. The Shade from this Thornless Chilean Mesquite, Prosopis chilensis, creates a 10-15 degree cooler temperature in our yard. 06-03-2015, 07:18 PM Jukesgrrl : Location: Tucson for awhile longer. One variety that grows well in our area is Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis Velutina). By providing abundant shade, a lush green leaf canopy and graceful fissured brown trunks, Thornless Mesquites are another … The following is adapted from the description of Burkart (1976), the accepted monograph on the genus. Features. The velvet mesquite is the largest of the mesquite species. It does have small, sharp thorns so be cautious about site selection. Often growing in dense thickets, it is larger than the other species, reaching a height of 30 feet; the trunk may be up to 24 inches in diameter. Its dense canopy of ferny green foliage provides welcome shade in the summer months. Mesquite wood is known for its density and durability. An additional recommended mesquite for Tucson is the Screwbean Mesquite (Prosopis pubescens). Most mesquite trees will have thorns which can be very long or short and very sharp. Supposedly they don't have thorns. Arizona native mesquite develops into a large deciduous shrub or medium-sized tree, growing to about 30' tall and wide. Mesquite (Prosopis pubescens) and the Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis velutina). They ripen in late summer. Prosopis velutina, Arizona or Velvet Mesquite. How to Grow a Velvet Mesquite Tree. Below in the photo is a Hybrid Mesquite that is Thornless, called the Chilean Mesquite. Honey mesquite has 1-inch-long thorns on the branches, while "Maverick" mesquite is thornless. There are three common species of mesquite: honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa), screwbean mesquite (Prosopis pubescens ) and velvet mesquite (Prosopis velutina). It does have small, sharp thorns so be cautious about site selection. It has a compound leaf and a long pod that can range from tan, with or … Velvet mesquite info indicates that the flowers are sweetly scented and a favorite of bees, which make excellent honey from the nectar. It does have thorns, but they are small and occur only on new growth. Mesquite trees have a long taproot that they use to locate enough moisture to keep them alive. but the caveat Ponderosa provided is even more important IDENTIFICATION: Velvet Mesquite’s bark is reddish-brown and smooth when young, older trees have bark that’s gray-brown, rough, thick, and shredded into long, narrow strips. Some have worse side effects than others. Re: Are mesquite thorns poisonous? Mesquite trees have a long taproot that they use to locate enough moisture to keep them alive. Screwbean Mesquite (Prosopis pubescens) Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis velutina) Mesquite trees usually in most of their range they are the size of a shrub. two hours ago, the wound began to throb. Today, consumers can buy mesquite furniture, lamps, flooring, various turned products, and … The Mesquite bush can easily be trained to look like a tree. The foliage is nearly evergreen." THF Celebrity. Growing up in South Texas I knew to avoid the short scrubby velvet mesquite trees that grew on the undeveloped land behind my house. Arizona mesquite, or velvet mesquite, is native to the Arizona desert. It can grow up to 30 feet tall and typically is a multi-trunked tree. The Arizona Mesquite Tree Natives and their Cousins. Chilean mesquite trees may not have thorns at all, or if they do have thorns, the thorns are likely to be smaller than those of other mesquite. C. CCBIRDDOGMAN. This tree is native Velvet Mesquite . long and edible. The velvet mesquite is probably the most underused variety of mesquite for landscaping in Arizona. i've soaked the foot in epson salts--which hasn't helped much. Care is similar to Argentine mesquite. Many of the most popular and well adapted shade trees in the desert landscape palette have thorns including Cercidium floridum (Blue Palo Verde), C. praecox (Sonoran Palo Verde), Acacia smallii (Sweet Acacia), Olneya tesota (Ironwood), Prosopis velutina (Native Mesquite) and P. glandulosa (Honey Mesquite). I tend to favor velvet mesquite over Chilean Mesquite even though it has thorns. I have found some information on web sites that state the mesquite thorn is poisonous, but no site has any infromation about any type of treatment. I squeezed the site to get it to bleed and then treated with hibiclens. Velvet mesquite trees are drought tolerant yet will flourish with moderate irrigation. Get help. Although the branches are crooked and twisted, they were used by early settlers to construct Spanish missions, haciendas, and even fencing. For instance, the Chilean mesquite tree in Arizona tends to thrive. Their woody stems and branches have bipinnately compound leaves (leaves with two or more However, cold weather and low water stunt the tree's growth and development. The velvet mesquite also creates a mess (you don't want pods!!) Mesquite is the most common shrub/small tree of the desert southwest. Pods are tubular and 3 to 7 inches (8 to 18 cm.) Hybrid mesquites Mesquites cross-pollinate quite readily and as a Arizona Native Mesquite, Velvet Mesquite Arizona Native Mesquite develops into a large deciduous shrub or medium-sized tree, growing to about 30' tall and wide. Mesquite thorn is bad poision. The velvet mesquite is bigger than the other two, with a diameter that can reach 2 feet and growing to an average of 30 feet. Mesquites may have single or multiple-branched stems, with needle-sharp thorns up to 3 inches long growing on the younger branches; the thorns are always straight. I’ve never watered my Mesquite tree, but it does receive runoff from the roses nearby. Velvet Mesquite Trees are a deciduous plant that benefits by being able to retain moisture during the winter or exceptionally dry seasons better because water does not escape through the leaves. This variety of Mesquite is fast growing and can reach heights of 15 feet or more. Although mesquite trees thrive in riparian areas, they have also adapted to drought conditions. It has 4-inch long spikes and an 8-inch fruit, like the honey mesquite does. While not as large or drought-tolerant as the Velvet Mesquite, the Screwbean is fast-growing and produces an unusual and very tasty screwbean pod. Posts: 12,216. Young branches are green and grow in a zig-zag pattern. I love the lush look in the summer. Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis velutina) Velvet Mesquite is a larger shrub or medium-size tree characterized by straight, 2-inch spines on the branches. The Velvet Mesquite is the most common native mesquite tree in the Tucson/Phoenix area. Box 167, Queen Creek, AZ 85142, Phone 480-987-9094 e-mail: Since their introduction in the 1950's, horticultural professionals have become accustomed to referring to Thornless Mesquites as Chilean Mesquite/ Prosopis chilensis or Ar- gentine Mesquite/ Prosopis alba.The actual botanical name of this specie has long been a subject of … Velvet Mesquite on the other hand does develop a very deep root system if you will encourage it with good soil preparation and deep, infrequent waterings. There are other nonnative species which originate from South America. Stipular thorns up to 3" long are variably present. The thorn did not stay in. Prob have some of the thorn still in there. The dogs use the shade from the Mesquites to stay cool. In the wild, mesquite trees are found in dry riverbeds and near water sources. A form is available without thorns or with very small thorns. Train Your Mesquite bush into a tree. Mesquite beans, durable enough for years of … Arid Zone Trees, P. O. It can grow as a single-trunked tree about 30 feet tall, and just as wide, with a two feet diameter trunk. CEDAR CREEK LAKE. The fern-like leaves and fruit have short dense hairs that give them the appearance of velvet. The tree is armed with long thorns, which makes them good candidates for a defensive hedge. One of the few desert trees with enough nectar to make honey, velvet mesquite (P. velutina) reaches a height of 30 feet with a trunk 24 inches in diameter. tall. These Mesquite trees have elongated bean pods that are sweet to taste when ripe ( reddish-yellow color). The pods are fairly long and tubular, resembling wax beans. Native Americans used the tree’s thorns to make sewing needles and stripped the inner bark to make cloth and baskets. How to Grow Honey Mesquite Removing the bottom suckers and other smaller limbs at the bottom and it will grow into a nice medium-sized tree about 15 maybe 20ft. They may become unstable due to rapid crown growth and a limited root system in lawn conditions. It does have vicious thorns that will stop anyone from climbing this tree. This vigorous tree has a wide spreading crown, deep green leaves, and is deciduous. It is the true local, native mesquite of southern Arizona. I have them too and they all have thorns, though not to the degree of the velvets. Three Arizona Mesquite Tree Natives & Their Cousins There are about 40 mesquite varieties found worldwide, but three species are native to the state of Arizona. There are hybrids of Screwbean, honey and velvet mesquite, which happen mostly where the species happen to overlap. It is a low-branched, broad spreading thorny shrub or small tree with a well-developed crown. Although it does not get as large as the Chilean or Argentine mesquite, it's pods make the best-tasting flour. Mesquite bark is rough, scaly and reddish brown. Velvet Mesquite This is the other variety that grows on our property. Many types of mesquite trees have thorns of some kind, which can either be very short or monstrous in length (and all are horribly sharp!). Mesquite … Its' bark is dark brown. velvet mesquites have small thorns which become less problematic as the tree matures. Small, catkin-like flowers appear in the spring.
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