1. o Language was created by Dr. Paul Frommer, Professor Emeritus of Clinical Management  Have no person-like character once called “the science of man” What do anthropologists study? Anthropology deals with physical and cultural aspects of humankind whereas history is concerned with socio-political events. o Washoe Anthropology 101. stress (therapeutic) o Two main features o Commitment of explaining how the world works and to a separation of facts from values,  The Positivist Approach in Anthropology 2.  Culture includes knowledge, belief and morals acquired by man in a society groups), Types of Modes of Exchange o Implications o Wolf Wikeley (U of A alumnus) Function of prestige gifts  Include Elvish, Klingon,  Constructed Languages: Na’vi say stuff wrong; I’m souping = I’m eating soup), o Baby Talk or Parentese – (universal?) determined by the causal force of physical matter.  Pressured by cultural norms of beauty,  Frequently victims of sexual or physical abuse o Prayer Memory – remembering the behaviours that we’ve learned - relativism o Choosing a Place to Live o In small scale societies, gift exchanged often form the basis of the social system 3.  Scarification (scarring body  Operan Conditioning Table for Lecture Notes; SES # TOPICS; 1: Introduction: Anthropology and Its Divisions : 2: …  Creation and organization of bodies responsible for overseeing o Rely on call systems  Signals that relate to social signals It is the study of all aspect of human life and culture such as how people live, what they think, what they produce and how they interact with their … o Physiological experience (body/mind) Reiteration – replicating behaviours that we have learned  “Our Father” Sociology uses observation, interviews and social survey as research methods whereas anthropology prefers observation and direct interview. 5. Biological: Study of human biology + evolution (study “races”, biological variation)  Which version do we want to keep? Part I - CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY.  Altered states/trances  American sign language,  Criticisms of Ape Language Experiments  Personal safety and preventing bad luck  Full partnership of informants Anthropology is the study of mankind (anthropos). o Artistic activities = cultural activities Settlement patterns Anthropologists then try to understand the full range of human diversity as well as what all people share in common.  Through religion can affirm conviction (life after death, immortality of personality) to  Get the right tools you need (ex. Transmission (ex. o Multi-sited The term in its literal sense means, “study of mankind”, as it is a combination of two Greek words, namely, anthropos and logos.  Placement on body Course Description This course is an introduction to the field of Anthropology.  Measurable physiological changed during such experiences o Need to understand  Many different forms globally (diff.  Master-Apprentice System o Different from and reducible to neither of the languages that give birth to it,  Creole Language have to make your own way of communicating Physical and social isolation  Involved in all kinds of behaviours  Culture embraces all manifestations of social habits o Koko Week 1: Textbook Chapter 1 & Module 1.  Division of labour – roles throughout the house doing specific chores  Paleolithic in Japan 4. o Not all religions place an emphasis on experience, some try to eliminate the religious experience,  Why is Religion Universal? o Exchange can be divided into internal (within a society) and external (with other cultural  Professionalization of tattooing,  Ritual o Disruption of understanding self and the world  Rules that predict how words or sentences are generally formed – intuitive understanding o Basic grammar of Human Mind (Chomsky) +91 11 4132 3204 It is a compound of two Greek words, “anthropos” and “logos”, which can be translated as ‘human’ and ‘reason’ respectively. 2. right of passage) interview – individual study (participant observation),  Culture: definitions  Syntax and grammar must develop once anyone begins to speak more than 2 words It also studies individual, their groups and production. o Identified 3 obligations Communications at USC Introduces the field of anthropology, covers basic concepts, and covers subfields of the discipline. Respect for Free and Informed Consent Marxism,  What are modes of exchange? Making sounds to warn your crew about predators that are coming.  Spirituality (ex. Sign up and receive the latest tips via email. Anthropology.  Other see as “pathological”,  Antiquity of Tattoos Canadian Anthropology Society/Société Canadienne d’Anthropologie (CASCA) Balancing Harm and Benefits o Arguments for “Clever Hans Effect” o Economic gain or loss o Symbol of status, membership in a group  Of racializing bodies and practices by white, largely middle-class Westerners o Many online games (Sims) have virtual economies and in-game currency 8 months) You learn different amounts about people  May be drug or isolation/deprivation induced How do we Make Meaning?  Individual and social significance  Ex.  Memory, understanding of causality, capacity for symbolic representation (ex.  Recognize the relationship that is formed between the informants  Well known for gibberish.  Supernatural beings that were once human o Ta Moko 1.  Form of communication that uses hand movements What to gift o These people understand English but can’t actually speak it Why do people look and act so differently throughout the world?  He was copying humans in order to learn how to interact  Cultural appropriation,  Body Modification and Gender It is developed as a branch of anthropology for dealing with culture and personality of individual and groups. shame) o The field is your living laboratory Are Languages at Risk? o Haida, Tlingit, Coast Salish Nations Most of the work of anthropologists is based on three key concepts Society, Culture, and Evolution. It includes every relationship which established among the people. Community smaller than society. Anthropology is a diverse discipline and human beings are too diverse species.  May undercut commitments to primary informants,  Effects on Informants ANT 2000-01: INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY Introduction This class meets Thursdays between 7:00 and 9:40 PM in room SA 332.  How does it improve our understanding of cultural practices? 1. DAY 1 - Introduction to Anthropology 15/09/2020 A course about critical thinking and the process of Respect for Justice and Inclusiveness etc. o Overall Intellectual Growth Crucial 3. Taxes collected come back as public services 2.  Sacredness of the body 6.  5 “W” Questions lesson, and providing insights for improving and changing the world,  ‘She’s Fake’: the Problem of Authenticity  Cultural identity,  “Modern Primitivism” o Repayments  Paint Participant Observation  Provides a fully competent form of communicative system  Of fetishizing bodies of colour It is concerned with human races since their origin and development is the process of evolution along with physical, social, racial, cultural, psychological and all the other aspects of mankind.  Do or say something and something bad will happen o James Spradley (1984)  Linguistics is a branch of cognitive psychology Applied anthropology: “action anthropology” – anthro as a social action/critique, includes all 4 4.  Emphasis on self-ownership and “reclaiming the body” o Exchange can refer to both goods and information  Savage – Rumbaugh + Rumbaugh  Different patterns of thought Both are concerned with functions and structure of the society group and community. Anthropology refers to the study of the human, humanity and human condition with an approach to include everything.  Argues AGAINST reductionism* / determinism Chomsky but in grammar,  Constructed Languages Redistribution Occupation, Business & Technology Education, Basic Concept in Anthropology and Socialogy, Basic Concepts in Anthropology and Sociology, Sociological and Anthropological Research, Key Figures in the History of Sociology and Anthropology and their Selected Contribution, Key Figures in the History of Anthropology. Anthropology is a study that examines human variation(differences) across the globe. o Therapeutic / Medicinal Purposes,  Maori Ta Moko 2.  BDSM  Association with other stigmatized bodily pleasures 2.  Influenced by 2 important works  Death and dying – what is beyond and why do we die?  Culture develops by engaging in activities o Permanent (body modification) Anthropology is the study of mankind and culture.  Aim to demonstrate symbolic control over carrying an object that may have luck – take it everywhere  Pidgin Languages We are hardwired to understand grammar and rules,  Non Verbal Human Communication – embodied communication Anthropology is the study of humans. o Art as representational do not just study the past also modern societies and people study humans, past and present trend : anthropologists study more ancient rather than modern societies Scopes of anthropology fields of anthropology 4 fields are : 1. cultural anthropology **  Multilingualism and Code switching  Viewing other society’s ideas within the context of society’s problems and opportunities  However, non-human primates have the capability to learn to communicate effectively o Art as mimetic  Exchange between individuals who are equal Art as a Culture  Voluntary vs. forced Week 2:Textbook Chapter 2. o Motivated by aesthetic considerations and cultural traditions  Key informants or participants o Wendell Bennett (1964) Migration  American sign language  Associated with “radical” or “deviant” or nonmainstream Biological: Study of human biology + evolution (study “races”, biological variation) Linguistic: Study of language - broader cultural, historical … 3.  Use of language to return to safety and comfort of parental care o Parts and whole mutually determine each other and co-evolve  Leads researchers from site to site as develops chain ANT 2000-01: INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY Introduction This class meets Thursdays between 7:00 and 9:40 PM in room SA 332.  The animals are replicating and not actually understanding the symbols but are just activities (ex. 2. o Interviews ethnocentrism – try to avoid it, II. For some examples see: Sex, Gender, Sexuality – as Social Constructions. Choose from 500 different sets of introduction to anthropology flashcards on Quizlet.  Record objective facts someone is dying, they help rather than observing) o Gift giving as a “total social phenomenon” o Idealism: “cogito ergo sum” (I think, therefore I am), ideas that the mind creates 2. Anthropology studies man and activities in totality but psychology studies individual behavior and personality.  Posture, body movement, facial expressions (non word sounds: laugh, cry) It also deals the nature of different human races, origin, development, heredity and so on. when kids o Divination 2.  Sleep and dreams – why does sleep rejuvenate our bodies? o Theory of Innate Language Respect for Privacy and Confidentiality  Dilution of intensity of fieldwork – relationships may not be as strong in some Chapter 1 Notes: Origins, the Four Fields, and Tenets of Anthropology. Sociology concerns with family, its structure and origin; which are also the concern of anthropology.  Associated with people who are hearing impaired or if verbal speech is forbidden (ex. How to dress? o Language with no native speaker 3. Evolution – a change in the genetic structure of a population from one generation to the next Anthropology – the field of inquiry that studies human culture and evolutionary aspects of human biology (includes cultural anthro, archaeology, linguistics, and physical anthro) Scientific method – an approach to research whereby a problem is identified, a hypothesis is stated, and that hypothesis is tested …  Anthropology = the study of humans* o Accountability 3. o Theory of generative grammar Canada = hockey. when police are breaking in to someone’s home they use hand movements to direct which  Oral communication cross) o Incorporated much of vocabulary of masters language but have different grammar from both  They involve social interactions and organizations o Outward expression of the person and their position with respect to present, as well as connecting ... Lecture notes and course handouts will be placed within the Lessons tab in the MyCourses course … o Reciprocity  Freud’s tyrannical men, totem animals, and cannibalistic scenes Learn more about the history and branches of anthropology … o Need to decorate body is universal Nothing more) o Numerous frameworks / policies often developed by professional associations and by funding  Dr. Lyn Miles  Lexigrams Notes for Both Paper 1 and Paper 2. The obligation to receive Sociology studies small as well as large society whereas anthropology prefers small society. o Mobilizative Exchange o Christine Schreyer (UBCO)  Gifting between socially equal people - don’t usually involve cash o Dissatisfaction with Western culture attitudes towards the body There are some similarities in the content matter of both subjects. (Theories) indirectly maximize our success (Ex. sets of learned behaviours, culture in all forms)  Change in status,  The Cultural Politics of Body Modification o Paralanguage Introduction to Anthropology Notes What is anthropology? What is Art?  Writing down everything you see, observing anthropology, watching rather than Anthropology studies human being and their activity whereas history studies major events of past.  Risk reduction/avoidance hunters take animal down and the leader chooses how to distribute it o Develops in a single generations between members of communities that possess distinct native funding you may want to know where their money is being spent,  Doing Fieldwork: Ethics  Dialects areas as they were in others (spending 8 days with people is diluted vs. spending Start studying Introduction to Anthropology.  Tattoos  Efforts to revive/maintain local languages face many challenges It is the study of everything and anything that makes us human.From cultures, to languages, to material remains and human evolution, anthropologists examine every dimension of humanity by asking compelling questions like: How did we come to be human and who are our ancestors? social position to another  These were also used to settle disputes,  Pacific North West Potlatches  Also used with pet or foreigners o Market Exchange  By force (ex. Investigating Culture: An Experiential Introduction to Anthropology.Malden, Mass.  Background of researchers  Ex. o Language Extinction o All cultures practice it but with different rules Etymologically, anthropology comes from the word anthropos meaning man and logos meaning knowledge. In general, anthropology studies about the man and his works. o Materialism: activities of our physical bodies make us in the material world o Involve shared and learned patterns or behaviour, belief, and feeling Why do Anthropologists Study Economic Relations? o “Alternative” sexualities We have biased opinions on what may be better to us. way to go),  Understanding Human Language: Evolution of Grammar a judge is quiet in the courtroom but has most power)  Argue has subversive potential because women’s bodies are o Supernatural Forces  “Asking” 3. o Ex. them with insight about their culture. o Life Histories,  Can Broadly be divided into 2 categories o Are based upon shaded beliefs, norms, ritual expressions -Europe and the People Without History by Eric Wolf  Emphasis on “authentic sounding fantasy language”  “Taboos among New England Fishermen”  Gender inequality  Fewer than 10000 speakers,  How to separate languages from dialect?  Study of language in the context of its use  Explanations of the Human Condition Is it safe? Readings are also listed by session and topic.. Books. This course covers the basics of cultural anthropology, which seeks to understand the purpose and place of humans in the world. When to give a gift Cultural: Human diversity (ex.  Portrays the world accurately  Dieting (losing/gaining weight) or body building  Animatism: belief in impersonal forces don’t step on a crack, or you’ll break your mother’s back,  Institutionalized Religions helping her or showing her imaged,  Orangutan Language Study  Negation (double negative – “I don’t see no dog.” Respect for Human Dignity  Trying to fulfill others needs,  Humans as Bicultural Organisms  Piercings,  Bindings A-10, 3rd Floor, Lajpat Nagar 2, New Delhi - 110024, India +91 95 8004 8004. o Marl “coming of age”, having overcome adversity, psychological reminders,  Tattoos as Language, as Narrative o Modern Moko still represents individual and connection to ancestor but within a different context,  Tattoos as Language different viewpoints) copying their trainers,  A particular language nature influences the thought of its speaker  Knowledge is not sufficient to prevent illness, accidents, and natural disasters o Syntax  Gain insight by: participating with informants* in social activities, observing activities as  Set of meaningful sounds that are made in response to environmental functions Anthropology uses anthropological concept whereas history uses the historical concept to describe human activities. 2. o Working around an Unfamiliar Language Anthropologists borrow historical facts, cultural events from history. Holism Ritual action is closely connected to a specific set of idea that are often encoded in myth  Ex. generalizing human nature, society or history  Focuses on widespread processes Anthropology deals with the socio-cultural process of human beings whereas psychology with mental process. aftermath, plastic surgery) Cultural Anthropology: Cultural anthropology is the study of cultural aspects of mankind.  Whole is the sum of its parts o Multilingualism Common animal could always lie, and we learned how to as well),  Language Acquisition: Children  Allen and Beatrice Gardener o Religion and ritual are social Week 3:Textbook Chapter 3. buy a coffee and the person buy next time  Must respond to local circumstances and factors reduce anxiety – “it was God’s plan”  Recall: separation, transition, incorporation The obligation to give a gift  Archaeological Fieldwork (expand more on this during week 7) o Cross-cultural variation languages o Single-sited  Attempts to have a beneficial effect on society, enriching peoples lives, teaching moral Lightening (God is angry) Innovation – modify/ invent new behaviours (ex. Some animals don’t have the same brain (vocal apparatus) and are not capable of making the  Surgical alterations (surgery  Admits observations are situated o Humans are biologically equipped to have religious experiences o Feasts and sacrifices  Non-Human Primate Communication  Silence = powerful (ex. 8. Chapter 2 Notes: Evolution and Genetics. These lecture notes on introductory sociocultural anthropology are prepared for the health and medical sciences students in institutions of higher learning in Ethiopia. Week 3:Textbook Chapter 3. o Developed four 2500 word languages for Dragon Age (Elven, Dwarven, Qunari) Chapter 2 Notes: Evolution and Genetics. An Introduction to Anthropology documents human life through Biological Anthropology, Archaeology, and Cultural Anthropology. 1. o Art as instrumental  Religion becomes embedded within an organization (Church) The Introduction to Anthropology 15 Day NO PREP Unit Bundle comes complete with FIVE lessons, each one with a PowerPoint with embedded video clip links, illustrated Student Guided Notes, Teacher Notes, and a Worksheet with Answers. Reciprocity prisoners in Japan, England, China) children learning by watching adults, waving)  Animism: belief in souls  Malinowski – religion arises as a result of universal desire to find comfort in times of undertaken by any type of anthropologist,  The Positivist Approach 1. The obligation to repay (the most imperative)  “Queering the body”  Completely impersonalized – ex.  Having organized notes will make it easier to share your data as the people who are Selection – deciding on which innovation we want to keep (ex.  Religious taboos/prohibitions may serve to reduce anxiety and therefore  Imitates, idealizes or symbolizes form and experience  Social position, rank, sex, gender, occupation (uniforms), local/ethnic identity, religion, Notes By- Sachin Gupta Cleared UPSC 2017 with AIR-3 INTRODUCTION Humans have a long history of interacting with their immediate environment that has resulted in shaping biological as well as cultural evolution to a large extent.Anthropology as a discipline, specializing in bio-cultural study of humans, right from its inception has taken keen interest in such […]  Taboo (restrictions) can often reflect power that is not to be  Circumcision  Non-human Origin Anthropology and psychology both study and analyze human attitude from the own respective method. 4. 7.  1 st non human to speak a human language (sign language) o Constructed for the film “Man of Steel”,  Constructed Languages: Bioware o Monotheism – One God supreme, may be other beings; associated with hierarchy o Recognizes dialect between biology and culture (Informants: people who work WITH anthropologists to provide fist bump instead of wave)  Why we are here – because God created us sides  Can “purchase” online goods for real world currency -The Modern World System by Immanuel Wallerstein  Otzi,  Cultural Variation in Tattooing  How do you do fieldwork on cultural processes that are not constrained by boundaries  Emphasis on modifications associated with non-Western rites of passage o Edward Burnett Tylor Stay connected with Kullabs. 4. An Introduction to Anthropology is also about understanding the ways in which we can use anthropology to think about future possibilities.  Practices that force the supernatural to act in a certain way (compel, not ask) Anthropology uses participatory observation whereas practical observation is used by psychology as social tools. o Gathering / Collecting Data Rituals adhere to a characteristic, culturally defined ritual schema  Host chief and (kin) group later invited to other potlatches,  Online Economics  Possession  Associated with rite of passage into adulthood (become adult after tattoo) o Reduction of anxiety/uncertainty  Esp. Anthropology has gained popularity rapidly within the social/ behavioral sciences circle.  All begin with a founder and the individuals experience (ex. Ritual is a repetitive social proactive composed of a sequence of symbolic activities Please sign in or register to post comments. Animal Communication Systems,  3 Broad Categories for Signals in all Non-Human Acts Class Notes (Adobe PDF format) Introduction. o Leveling device: equalized the distribution of goods between communities o Technique – different way of tattooing  Ethnographic Fieldwork How to gift  Religious rituals enacting during a groups real or potential crisis,  Religion and Ritual in Action: Religious Experience
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