Habitat Glossy ibises feed in very shallow water and nest in freshwater or brackish wetlands with tall dense stands of emergent vegetation such as reeds, papyrus or rushes) and low trees or bushes. Sounds made by this rather quiet ibis include a variety of croaks and grunts, including a hoarse grrrr made when breeding. The Glossy ibis is thought to have originated in the Old World and spread naturally from Africa to northern South America in the 19th century, from where it spread to North America. [15], Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22697422A86436401.en, "Winter field notes and specimen weights of Cayman Island birds", "Range Expansion of the Glossy Ibis in North America", "Glossy Ibises Are Like 21st-Century Pterodactyls", "Glossy Ibis Distribution and Abundance in an Indian Agricultural Landscape: Seasonal and Annual Variations", "Glossy ibis in nest attempt at Frampton Marshes", "Long-distance Dispersal of the Afro-Eurasian Glossy Ibis From Ring Recoveries", "Glossy ibis videos, photos and facts – Plegadis falcinellus", http://bo.adu.org.za/pdf/BO_2016_07-101.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glossy_ibis&oldid=986483201, Native birds of the Southeastern United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 04:02. Sounds made by these rather quiet birds include a variety of croaks and grunts; they also make a hoarse 'grrrr' when breeding. It expanded its range substantially northwards in the 1940s and to the west in the 1980s. Breeding adults have reddish-brown bodies and shiny bottle-green wings. Range wingspan: 80 to 95 cm. Glossy ibises inhabit wetlands with tall dense stands of emergent vegetation such as reeds, papyrus or rushes, and low trees or bushes. Though generally suspected to be a migratory species in India, the glossy ibis is resident in western India. The young can leave the nest after about 7 days, but the parents continue to feed them for another 6 or 7 weeks. [7] Populations in temperate regions breed during the local spring, while tropical populations nest to coincide with the rainy season. They have long, slender, down-curved bill and magnificent plumage with shiny feathers. When foraging on land, they pick and glean insects or grain but when feeding along the shore, they use their long bills to probe into the substrate or mud. Plegadis falcinellus (Glossy Ibis) is a species of birds in the family Threskiornithidae. [2], This is the most widespread ibis species, breeding in scattered sites in warm regions of Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Atlantic and Caribbean regions of the Americas. [13] The body mass of this ibis can range from 485 to 970 g (1.069 to 2.138 lb). It is associated with freshwater habitat. The Glossy Ibis is a more slender, longer-billed bird than the Hadeda Ibis. Non-breeders and juveniles have duller bodies. The nest is usually a platform of twigs and vegetation positioned at least 1 m (3.3 ft) above water, sometimes up to 7 m (23 ft) in tall, dense stands of emergent vegetation, low trees or bushes. This species is a mid-sized ibis. Prey includes adult and larval insects such as aquatic beetles, dragonflies, damselflies, grasshoppers, crickets, flies and caddisflies, Annelida including leeches, molluscs (e.g. [1], The diet of the glossy ibis is variable according to the season and is very dependent on what is available. It also has shiny feathers. The scientific name of the Glossy ibis comes from Ancient Greek plegados and Latin, falcis, both meaning "sickle" and referring to its distinctive shape of the bill. Range length: 48 to 66 cm. Flocks of Glossy Ibises wade in the shallows of eastern marshes, probing for food with their sickle-shaped bills. The more northerly populations are fully migratory and travel on a broad front, for example across the Sahara Desert. Nest on the gound in colonies They show a preference for marshes at the margins of lakes and rivers but can also be found at lagoons, flood-plains, wet meadows, swamps, reservoirs, sewage ponds, paddies, and irrigated farmland. At distance, Glossy Ibises look uniformly dark, but a close look in good light reveals stunning colors: deep maroon, emerald, bronze, and violet. They fledge about 28 days after hatching but the parents continue to feed them for another 6 or 7 weeks until they become fully independent.
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