Characterization of chemical components of essential oil from flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium produced in Anhui province. Good for blackcloth production. In 1630, a survey of over 500 cultivars 17 and about 2000 at the beginning of 20th century. Some of the chrysanthemum's common names include pellitory, feverfew, ox-eye daisy, and sunflower among others. [11] In general, the plant is best fertilized once a month and watered two to three times a week depending on climate. DESCRIPTION. Chrysanthemum morifolium, vitamins, and minerals. Chrysanthemum, genus of about 40 species of flowering plants in the aster family, native primarily to subtropical and temperate areas of the Old World. [10], This plant can be noted for its popularity as an indoor houseplant in part because of its air cleaning qualities as per a study done by NASA, removing trichloroethylene, benzene, formaldehyde, ammonia, and other chemicals from the air. He insists on distinguishing it from the Chrysanthemum indicum of Linnaeus with small yellow heads. They are up to 12 cm long, fleshy and covered with gray hairs. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. They are up to 12 cm long, fleshy and covered with gray hairs. florist's daisy (Description coming soon) Family. Chrysanthemum koraiense Nakai. "Lightening the body" was a goal to reach the ethereal state of Immortals able to fly and "ride the clouds". Liu Meng (劉蒙),[5]:296–97 the author of a "Chrysanthemum Treatise" (菊譜),[5]:242 classifies the chrysanthemums according to their colors: the normal ones are yellow, then come the whites, the purples and finally the reds. C. morifolium is often called garden mum, because it is known as a garden plant.. The petals of these types of chrysanthemum either curve inward or outward, hence the name. Ruth Schneebeli-Count: Flower Country China Volume 1 , Birkhäuser, 1995, "Chrysanthemum morifolium (Hardy garden mum)", "Interior Landscape Plants for Indoor Air Pollution Abatement",×_morifolium&oldid=987601342, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 02:58. formerly known as Chrysanthemum x morifolium, with Chrysanthemum translating as "golden flower", referring to the fact that many older varieties and species of Mums have earth-tone floral colors, and with morifolium translating as "Mulberry foliaged", referring to the resemblance of the leaf shape of Mums to the lobed leaves of Mulberry (Morus species). The external bracts are herbaceous, with a narrow scariety margin.[3]. From this first cultivated plant brought back from China in 1789 by Blancard, then from those brought back (from China in 1846 and Japan in 1863) will be created in Europe thousands of cultivars and hybrids. The ones that incurve irregularly have large heads and irregular-shaped petals, so they look slightly inconsistent and very informal. Description. The leaves are broad ovate in outline and wedge-shaped in the petiole, the length of the leaves is more than 6 inches. Description: Big bright red flower with lots of petals. There are varieties with simple flowers that look like daisies and varieties with double flowers, looking like pompoms more or less big. The many branches, which are silky and covered with a short down, form a dense tuft. Title … Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by web interface by Female or seed parent.—Chrysanthemum×morifolium cultivar Trillion, not patented. The first monograph on chrysanthemums was published in 1104 AD. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Chrysanthemum Morifolium. The leaves are broad ovate in outline and wedge-shaped in the petiole, the length of the leaves is more than 6 inches. Chrysanthemum morifolium, commonly known as chrysanthemum or garden mum, is a compact, clump-forming, herbaceous perennial that typically grows to 2-3’ tall.It is native to China. Ken Fern, Want help getting started? Zheng Jinsheng, Nalini Kirk and Paul D. Buell. They have alternately arranged leaves divided into leaflets with toothed or occasionally smooth edges. Description of Values. The flower grows to the size of 12 to 36 inches, and the large blooms are great as bouquet heads. The tongue flowers can have in the many varieties of colors of green, white, or yellow, pink to purple. Wild Chrysanthemum taxa are herbaceous perennial plants or subshrubs. Characteristics of Chrysanthemum Morifolium Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Deciduous leaves appear in the spring. Richard Morris. The typical flower heads are radiated, that is to say formed of peripheral florets, female, zygomorphous, with ligules and central florets actinomorphous, tubulated, bisexual. Habitat: Grasslands on mountain slopes, thickets, wet places by rivers, fields, roadsides, saline places by seashores, 1 Species ID Suggestions +1. It is the China national geographical indication product and composed of the most abundant and various cultivars among the horticultural plants around the world. Chrysanthemum Flower (Chrysanthemum morifolium) is consumed as a tea to nourish the Yin and as an herb to remove wind and occasional heat (irritation) from several parts of the body in normal, healthy individuals. In China, they have been around since 500 BC. C. × morifolium is hardy to USDA zones 5–9.[12]. "[8], The more than 1,000 varieties that have existed in Europe since the 19th century are divided into numerous varieties. Chrysanthemum was first appreciated in China as a medicinal plant. Chrysanthemun morifolium Hang-ju in different flowering and processing stages Dandan Wei1, ... Flos chrysanthemum (FL) is the dried capitulum of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. Chrysanthemum × morifolium. Chrysanthemum × morifolium (also known as florist's daisy[2] and hardy garden mum,[3] or in China juhua[4]) is a species of perennial plant from family Asteraceae. Category: Flowers and Foliages. Joined thousands of cultivars developed independently in China and Japan, there is currently a huge complex cultivars (estimated from 20,000 to 30,000). It is a popular late-blooming garden perennial, and may rarely escape cultivation. It is a perennial herb, 60 to 150cm high. The compound inflorescence is an array of several flower heads, or sometimes a solitary head. Genus: Chrysanthemum. [3], Wang YJ, Guo QS, Yang XW, Xu WB, Tao HY. They exhale a strong smell when they are wrinkled. Chrysanthemum x morifolium is an herbacious perennial which adds a pop of color to your garden when the leaves start to fall and the colder days start to come. Description. Chron., ser. Description: Chrysanthemum or "mums" are perennial plants that bloom in the fall. Not for the casual reader., 116. Description. For thousands of years it has been used in Asia. Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum morifolium Chrysanthemum indicum Chrysanthemum PFAF Plant Database. In the 16th century, the famous physician and herbalist Li Shizhen in his Great Treaty of Medical Matter, reports a hundred cultivars. It is mainly by looking at the leaves that one can know that it is a chrysanthemum. This species is one of the main parents of the florists’ chrysanthemum, Chrysanthemum morifolium[266. [by whom?] Economic Significance. Solitary (infrequently appearing in a loose corymb), creamy yellow flowers (to 2 3/8” across) appear in an often prolific mid-season bloom extending from September to frost. Hemsl. Wetland Status. Show All Show Tabs florist's daisy Cultivated species, often called mums, are grown as fall-blooming ornamentals and are important in the floral industry. In terms of stems produced per year in 1997, Japan was by far the largest producer with 2 billion stalks, followed by the Netherlands (800 million), Colombia (600 million), Italy (500 million). Chrysanthemum is in the top three of the world’s most important cutflowers. Didier Bernard , The Golden Flower: Chrysanthemum, Its history – culture The main varieties , Gunten,October 15, 2008 (. Joseph Needham , Science and Civilization in China: Volume 6, Biology and Biological Technology, Part 1, Botany , Cambridge University Press,February 6, 1986 (. [citation needed]. Click ... arctic daisy Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium pyrethrum Chrysanthemum majus daisy Chrysanthemum ×morifolium florist's daisy Legal Status. Scientific Name: Chrysanthemum x morifolium. Chrysanthemum ×morifolium Ramat. It is classified in the oldest Chinese medical material, Shennong Ben Cao Jing (early modern era), in the category of superior drugs and is part of the products related to the search for immortality. Contact with parts of plants may in some cases cause skin irritation and allergies. The actual product may vary in shape or appearance based on climate, age, height etc. Value Class Food Product Description Features:- It is a species of perennial plant from Asteraceae family. In 1792, in the Journal of Natural History, this botanist describes the cultivated plant, with big purpurine flowers, brought back from China by the navigator Marseillais Blancard, under the names of "Camomile with large flowers", Anthemis grandiflora. The variety called Goldfield is an example of this type of chrysanthemum, and they are golden yellow in color. The plant is 30–90 centimetres (12–35 in) high and wide, which grows as a perennial herbaceous or slightly woody plant on the ground. The disc florets of wild taxa are yellow… CSVd is the causal agent of a major disease of florist’s chrysanthemum (known variously as Chrysanthemum morifolium, C. indicum, Dendranthema morifolium, D.grandiflora, and D.grandiflorum). Bibliography. Chrysanthemum japonicum Thunb. In 1630, more than 500 varieties were already mentioned there. Most of them are cultivated but there are some from the wild. Description: The Hailey™ colors create a mid season fall flowering family perfect for end of September sales. The onset of chrysanthemum flower buds is controlled by day length. Time to rooting.— Seven to ten days with soil temperatures of 21° C. Root description.— Fine, fibrous and well-branched. Chrysanthemum X morifolium CV is the name for the common garden mum, also known as Dendranthema X grandiflorum or … Facts on Chrysanthemum X Morifolium CV. Although primarily known as an ornamental, the plant is also commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine and sometimes as a food. T… Deciduous leaves appear in the spring. They are alternate, lobed pinnatifid and toothed. From Jin and Tang dynasties (around the 5th century AD), chrysanthemum began to be appreciated as an ornamental plant, while continuing to be used for dietary reasons. with the efficiency of relieving heat and expelling wind, ... description of Hang-ju was also recorded as butterfly-shaped or oblate-shaped with a diameter of Chrysanthemum Morifolium. Description Chrysanthemum morifolium is a very variable, erect, perennial plant growing 30 - 120 cm tall. The plant's texture is thick and leathery. Asteraceae (aster family) This Genus’s Species in New England: Chrysanthemum morifolium; Visit this genus in the Dichotomous Key. Peter Palukaitis, in Viroids and Satellites, 2017. A complete color family that holds up well under higher temperatures. Volume 20–21: Asteraceae , Science Press and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing and St. Louis, 2011. They are the blended product of C. indicum and C. morifolium, two species of plants that grow wild in China and Japan. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. [13], The plant is eaten by various aphids, capsid bugs, earwigs, leaf miners, nematodes, spider mites, thrips, and whiteflies. Chrysanthemum morifolium is the scientific name for an old fashioned favorite commonly known as garden mum or florist’s chrysanthemum. The plant can die from various diseases which include aster yellows, Botrytis, leaf spots, rust, powdery mildew, verticillium wilt, and rotting of stem and roots, and even viruses. It is a flower that has grown in gardens all around the world as far back as any records can tell, and seems to have been employed everywhere at some time or another as a cure for a host of complaints. The chrysanthemum, of which there are many varieties, has been known by a host of common names throughout history. He attributes to them some medicinal properties such as "eliminating heat and toxins", "improving visual acuity" and so on. Chrysanthemum. (Chinese). The florist's chrysanthemum is not necessarily a glasshouse subject. Title Plant Resources of Southeast ... An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. They are alternate, lobed pinnatifid and toothed. Chrysanthemum is used to treat chest pain (angina), high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, fever, cold, headache, dizziness, and swelling. Description An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. Propagation: Type.— Terminal tip cuttings. Chrysanthemum Flower is renowned for treating different health problems. 3, 6: 586 (1889) Accepted by. DESCRIPTION. This blend of ingredients optimizes cholesterol levels through a combination of four mechanisms. Related Links. The indicum hybrids as the oldest group have the chrysanthemum chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum indicum) as the parent.[9]. The outdoor or hardy chrysanthemums are derived from the same species, being less developed forms. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. with help from It is famous for circular, almost layered petal formations. ): Flora of China. Unicity Balance™ (also known as Bios Life® Slim or Bios Life® S) is a fiber-based, vitamin-rich nutritional supplement. If you're not sure what to do from here, take … Names of Chrysanthemum Morifolium in various languages of … First published in Gard. Note: The image is for reference purpose only. Florist's daisy is used in Chinese traditional medicine to treat anxiety, unrest, and nervous tension. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. In Europe, especially in Holland, they have been known since the mid-17th century, but their general dissemination took place only in the 19th century. Descriptions. To note, during the millennia and a half of cultivation, tens of thousands of different cultivars have been obtained, with flower heads of very different shapes, sizes and colors. Chrysanthemum×morifolium cultivar Shepherd.. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION. How Chrysanthemum Morifolium is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The lower leaves are plumed, further up the stems they are increasingly entire. The lower leaves are plumed, further up the stems they are increasingly entire. Wu Zheng-yi, Peter H. Raven, Deyuan Hong (ed. The head has a base covered in layers of phyllaries. BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION/CULTIVAR DESIGNATION. Ajna Fern In combination with other herbs, chrysanthemum is also used to treat prostate cancer. This merchant and botanist describes the Matricaria japonica maxima, as a very elegant flowering plant, double, pink or light red 20 and existing in several varieties. (Synonym: Dendranthema x grandiflorum) Photo gallery of Chrysanthemum x morifolium ‘Ryan’s Russet’: The stems stand upright. [6], The first European author to mention chrysanthemum is Jacobus Breynius (Jacob Breyn) in 1689 in his Prodromus Plantarum Rariorum. Interpreting Wetland Status. Mid-late family with bold colors for any crop. Chrysanthemum morifolium is a very variable, erect, perennial plant growing 30 - 1200cm tall[310. It lists a total of 35 cultivated varieties that could be observed in the gardens near the Buddhist shrines of Longmen Grottoes. Flower buds will not appear until nights become longer/days become shorter. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Chrysanthemum . As a beverage, chrysanthemum is very popular as a summertime tea in southern China. The first botanical description of the florists' chrysanthemum goes to Thomas d'Audibert de Ramatuelle. Description: Warm, russet-red, semi-double Daisy flowers unfurl in abundance during the fall. It also applies as an air purifier. "In prolonged use, it lifts the inhibition of blood and qi, alleviates the body, slows down ageing, and prolongs life" says the classic. A celebrated part of Asian cultures for 3,000 years before being introduced to European gardens in the 17 th century, Chrysanthemum flowers are now second only to the rose in worldwide cut flower sales.. Florist's daisy may be a hybrid between two other species, possibly Chrysanthemum indicum and C. japonicum. List of various diseases cured by Chrysanthemum Morifolium. He proposes in a note to call it also Chrysanthemum morifolium. Chrysanthemum x morifolium plants will begin to grow in the summer and spring, but it does not flower until the autumn. Noteworthy Characteristics. In complex total inflorescences are some to many cup-shaped partial inflorescences together. [7], Author Wilhelm Miller writes, "The common chrysanthemums of the florists (C. hortorum) are often called 'large-flowering' and 'autumn chrysanthemums,' to distinguish them from the hardy outdoor species. It comes in huge color variations, such as dark red flowers, pink, white, orange, and yellow.. It is native to Asia and northeastern Europe. The stems stand upright. Chrysanthemum × morifolium (Ramat.) The database and code is licensed under a The simple row of ray florets is white, yellow, or red; many horticultural specimens have been bred to bear many rows of ray florets in a great variety of colors. Male or pollen parent.—Chrysanthemum×morifolium cultivar Anila, not patented. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. From the Decatur, Georgia garden of the late Ryan Gainey, these colorful Garden Mums make excellent cut flowers. Very long lasting flowers in the fall landscape. The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Chrysanthemum plant, botanically known as Chrysanthemum×morifolium, commercially known as a garden-type Chrysanthemum, known under the trade name Kristen, and hereinafter … First, the soluble fiber matrix prevents cholesterol reabsorption in the gastrointestinal tract through bile-acid sequestration. Description Chrysanthemum morifolium is one of the 10 most well-known Chinese traditional flowers, the cultivation of Chuju in China has lasted about two thousand years. In natural medicine the "flower" is used against eye inflammation and impure skin. (pro sp.) The plant starts to bloom when the length of the day is less than 14 hours. 1. The plant is 30–90 centimetres (12–35 in) high and wide, which grows as a perennial herbaceousor slightly woody plant on the ground. The plant is 30–90 centimetres (12–35 in) high and wide.The cultivated chrysanthemum is commonly grown as an ornamental flowering plant. TylerWilkins 9 months ago.
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