Available at: http://www.georgiaherbaria.org/. "Celtis laevigata Tree Record." Web Page © Richard Ware Celtis Laevigata is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in) at a medium rate. across orange-red or finally purple-black, on slender stalks 1-2 cm. Leaves are 3x longer than broad. The similar Common Hackberry (C. occidentalis) and Dwarf Hackberry (C. tenuifolia) also occur in North Carolina, but are less common. Glossy to dull green leaves (2 to 5 inches long) have mostly uneven leaf bases and are coarsely toothed from midleaf to tip. It is found in the southeastern United States from southeastern Virginia to southern Florida (including the Florida Keys) and west to southwestern Texas. Large tree in winter (same tree as in photo above). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). The bark is … The Celtis laevigata in central Texas is quite different from the variety laevigata that we have in North Carolina. Trees, to 30 m; trunks to 1 m diam., crowns broad, spreading. Its leaves have margins that are smooth or they have only a few teeth, while the leaf margins of Common Hackberry are serrated with abundant teeth. Leaves turn yellow in the fall. It was dug up from a friend's yard. Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Celtis laevigata var. 67: 223. Benson. Differences are so small as to only be of concern to some biologist. Guide to the Trees of North Georgia and Adjacent States Branch Strength Rated as Medium. These are either Texas Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. The medium-textured, light green leaves turn bright yellow in fall and can be showy in some years. Posted on February 26, 2019 by Mary Anne Borge. These have broader, coarsely toothed leaves that are usually sandpapery above. This plant has no children Legal Status. A pouch or gall forms on the lower leaf surface in response to feeding. across orange-red or finally purple-black, on slender stalks 1-2 cm. The leaves are alternated, simple, and slightly serrate. The leaves are distinctly asymmetrical and coarse-textured. Celtis laevigata can be very cold-hardy when growing in hot summer areas, able to tolerate winter temperatures falling to at least -20°c[200. They are pale green on both the upper and lower surfaces with conspicuous veins. The fruits are edible and sweetish — the taste is similar to that of dates — but the stone is large and covered by only a thin layer of flesh. Bottomland forests, especially on natural levees, upland calcareous forests and woodlands, shell middens. 2015. The leaves are 2-4 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide. The bark is smooth and gray with scattered bumps or “warts.” Branches may be weak, especially in moist sites where the tree has grown rapidly. var. Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata. The leaves are oval to lance-shaped, resembling those of an elm but more pointed. The leaves have an oblique base and may be completely entire or have only the lower 1/3 of the leaf blade free of serrations. Publisher MacMillan Press Year 1992 ISBN 0-333-47494-5 Description Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Powdery mildew and leaf spot may occur. Some people confuse the common hackberry with the Celtis laevigata or sugarberry. Sugarberries — Celtis laevigata (SELL-tiss lee-vih-GAY-tuh )– like moisture. Propagation of the species is by seed. Publication Author Huxley. Attracts Birds. Title The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. The hackberry has simple, alternate, pointed, finely toothed leaves. The fruits are greatly enjoyed by birds. As members of the Elm family (Ulmaceae), they have broad, arching branches that form a vase-like shape, but they do not suffer from as many diseases as other elms. suppl: 67. Virginia Tech Dendrology, Recommended Tree, Shrub, and Woody Vine Identification Guides. The leaves of seedlings often have a lot of white patches without chlorophyll, this is normal and older plants produce normal green leaves. The bark is far less warty than Celtis occidentalis. Bark of a medium-sized tree. The similar Common Hackberry (C. occidentalis)and Dwarf Hackberry (C. tenuifolia)also occur in North Carolina, but are less common. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The leaf bases of the other species are often cordate, while those of C. laevigataare usually cuneate or rounded. Introduction. The common hackberry is easily confused with the sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) and is … Celtis L. (Cannabaceae) ... leaves glabrous or nearly so (except the margins often ciliate); [large trees, mostly of floodplains, but also in upland situations over calcareous substrates such as limestone, dolostone, and shell middens]... C. laevigata (Southern hackberry) 1. long. They look almost identical and for our purposes will be considered the same plant. leaves than Celtis laevigata. Kartesz, J.T., The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), commonly called southern hackberry in the southern US, is a medium- to large-sized native tree found along floodplains and rivers in the Southeast.In some areas, sugarberry can be found in parks, yards, and along fences and streets. The range of Celtis laevigata (Sugarberry). long, tips are long-acuminate, usually falcate, broad-cuneate or rounded at base, margins are entire or slightly toothed, mostly above the middle, petioles 6-10 mm. Sugarberry Celtis laevigata. Cite this tree: SelecTree. Nov 28, 2020. Floristic Synthesis of North America, Version 1.0. United States. To be clear there are two species of hackberry, Celtis occidentalis and Celtis laevigata. Celtis laevigata. Trees of Alabama and the Southeast Chapel Hill, N.C. [maps generated from Kartesz, J.T. Celtis laevigata, commonly called sugarberry, sugar hackberry or southern hackberry, is basically a southern version of common or northern hackberry (see C. occidentalis). Scales of various types may be found on Hackberry. Root Damage Potential Rated as High. Synonyms Celtis laevigata var. It produces small fruits that turn orange-red to dark purple in the autumn, often staying on the trees for several months. Pests The most common insect on Hackberry causes the Hackberry nipple gall, but this is not much of a problem on this tree. It may occur in pure stands but usually occurs as an occasional tree in association with many other hardwood species, primarily sweetgum, pecan, green ash, elms, overcup oak, water oak, and honeylocust. The leaf bases of the other species are often cordate, while those of C. laevigata are usually cuneate or rounded. Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) grows more commonly in the northern part of sugarberry’s range and … Susceptible to Beetle Leaves and Scales, Mistletoe, Armillaria and Root Rot. Fruit is a round drupe, 5-7 mm. Interpreting Wetland Status. Leaves are oblong-lanceolate, sometimes ovate, 5-10 cm. There is an example at Kew measuring 45 × 4 {1/2} ft (1967). 1814. This individual could be a hybrid. It may be easiest to spot in winter, since there are fewer leaves to distract from Hackberry’s distinctive outerwear. The Sugarberry was struggling with two Black Cherries for one spot, and winning. Leaves bear 3 prominent veins that branch from the base of the leaf blade. Its leaves were smooth above, but appear intermediate between C. laevigata and C. occidentalis. long, tips are long-acuminate, usually falcate, broad-cuneate or rounded at base, margins are entire or slightly toothed, mostly above the middle, petioles 6-10 mm. It is not planted widely in our area but it is an attractive shade tree. I planted this tiny seedling on July 21st 2016. These have broader, coarsely toothed leaves that are usually sandpapery above. Branches without thorns, often pendulous, young branches pubescent at first, then glabrous. Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns. reticulata (Torrey) L.D. smallii : Celtis laevigata Willdenow, var. 2015. Fall color is an undistinguished yellow. Celtis laevigata (Sugarberry) - Sugarberry or Southern Hackberry is a large tree, to 30 m. in height; the bark is light gray and from slightly to prominently covered with corky warts. Gaz. Sugarberry, palo blanco Celtis laevigata var . A. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); All photographs and text ©2013 by Will Cook unless otherwise noted. Allergy Health Hazard. The fruits are drupes, with a large seed encased in a hardened endocarp and surrounded by fleshy mesocarp. This species is also found in the northeastern areas of … It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The cultivar is cutting propagated. Celtis laevigata Willdenow, Enum. University of Georgia Herbarium (Athens, Georgia) and Valdosta State University Herbarium (Valdosta, Georgia). A smaller tree than the type, with sharply toothed leaves, found in the S.E. 1992. Synonyms. 40. The grey-brown to silvery bark has some warty projections or corky ridges, making it attractive in wintertime. texana Sargent, or Netleaf Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. Habitat information from: Another species in this genus that is found in Illinois, Celtis laevigata (Sugarberry), is a medium-sized tree that has more narrow leaves (lanceolate in shape) and smaller drupes (about ¼" across) than Common Hackberry. Wetland Status. Wildlife use Fruit. This very large, broad, fast growing deciduous North American native tree has a rounded vase crown with spreading, pendulous branches. Leaves: petiole 6-10 mm. This time there was no canal. The last time I found a stand out of place they were growing near an irrigation canal. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Desirable Wildlife Plant. Common Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a tree whose ridged, warty bark makes it easy to recognize in any season. L.D. IDENTIFICATION: Leaves alternate along the stem, medium to dark green, 2 to 4″ twice as long as wide, oval, serrated only on upper half of leaf, asymmetrical (lop-sided) three prominent veins, leaf spots and galls common, wigs zig-zaggy. send Richard an E-mail. Weakley, Alan S., Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, Working Draft of 21 May 2015. Give them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. The medium-textured, light green leaves turn bright yellow in fall and can be showy in some years. Giannasi. The Atlas of Georgia Plants. These trees are similar in many ways. This tree is usually found in bottomland forests but sometimes upland in calcareous soils. Sugarberry (early July 2020) Sugarberry leaf detail from May 2020. Sugarberry is one of the earlier tree species to leaf out. The sugarberry grows on stream banks, river bottoms, and moist alluvial flats of clay and silt loam. Ripening fruits. The Georgia range of Celtis laevigata (Sugarberry). Margins of leaves subtending fruits entire or 1-2 0.5-1mm teeth on one side, per Weakley's Flora (2015). Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America. 1995-2020. It is usually found in poorly drained clay, silty clay or occasionally loamy flats but not in permanent swamps. Scales of various types may be found on Hackberry. Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry Alternate, simple and lanceolate to narrow ovate in shape, the 3-4" deciduous leaves are generally smoother and glossier than those of Celtis occidentalis. … Open-grown sugarberry commonly reaches 50 to 70 feet in height w… The fruits are approximately 1/4" in diameter and have a sweet taste, hence the common name and attractiveness to the birds. NC State fact sheet North American Plant Atlas. Grow the seedlings on in a cold frame for their first winter, and plant them out in the following late spring or early summer. Zomlefer, W.B., J.R. Carter, & D.E. The grey-brown to silvery bark has some warty projections or corky ridges, making it attractive in wintertime. Intermediate trees, which may be hybrids, are not rare, which may explain why these species were formerly lumped as varieties of C. occidentalis. Celtis laevigata Willd. Tag Archives: Celtis laevigata Hackberry, Butterflies and Birds. Celtis laevigata. Their main difference is that the common hackberry has wider, coarser leaves than the sugarberry. smallii (Beadle) Sargent, Bot. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Hackberry nipple gall is common and while it disfigures the leaves it does not hurt these trees. (in press)]. Bark light gray, smooth or covered with corky warts. The leaves are normally easily identified by their elongate, almost triangular shape with uneven bases with three prominent veins and usually few teeth. Leaves have a longer, slenderer tip than Celtis occidentalis. Fruit is a round drupe, 5-7 mm. (http://bonap.net/napa). smallii (Beadle ... Leaves are usually lanceolate, ovate or oval shaped, and often curve to one side. Leaves have a longer, more slender tip than Celtis occidentalis. Celtis Laevigata. More information: Pl. The lance-shaped leaves gradually taper to a point that is often curved. Sugarberry is a common large overstory tree of bottomland forests, but also occurs in drier areas over calcareous rock (with relatively high pH soil). long. Leaves are oblong-lanceolate, sometimes ovate, 5-10 cm. reticulata (Torr.) You’ll often find a stand of them near rivers. Celtis laevigata (Laura Plantation, LA) sugarberry This is a medium-sized deciduous tree to about fifty feet tall. Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry The initially orange-red drupes turn blue-black with maturity in late summer. These fruits can stay on the tree for several months at the time. Benson – netleaf hackberry Subordinate Taxa. Celtis laevigata Willd. Celtis laevigata can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina, Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Rosales>Cannabaceae>Celtis laevigata Willdenow. Leaf margins are mostly untoothed, but a few (rarely many) small teeth may be present. Keith Bradley kab_c_laevigata_79384 September Miami-Dade County FL Leaf tip attenuate and long-acute to long-acuminate, base cuneate to rounded, per Weakley's Flora. More typical C. laevigata leaves, covered with galls as they often are. Three species of butterflies feed on the leaves as larvae: Hackberry Emperor, Tawny Emperor, and American Snout. – sugarberry Variety: Celtis laevigata Willd. An extreme example of wartiness! 1919. 2014 (and ongoing). Branches without thorns, often pendulous, young branches pubescent at first, then glabrous. They are known as fast growers, gaining up to 24 inches a year in height. Southern hackberry, hackberry, sugarberry. Sugarberries & Hackberries by DEANE.
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